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Biblical Interpretation Resources

A guide for students and researchers interpreting biblical texts. This guide includes original language resources, exegetical tools, and guidance on scholarly commentary and interpretation.

Hebrew - Text of the Old Testament

The standard edition of the Hebrew Text of the Old Testament is the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS), which follows the Masoretic Text (MT).


Here is a guide to using BHS, with notes on how to read the apparatus and abbreviations.

Greek - Text of the Septuagint

The Septuagint was a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made in the 2nd century BCE. It was in common use throughout the New Testament period and Early Christianity. The resource below is a standard edition of the Greek text.